FSFE has published an excellent article on standards and patents.
In it FSFE explains both the difference between those two, the problems of coexistence, how it affects ICT and what the solutions should be.
The article also has a Patents & Standards 101 section that explains basics of ICT standards and patents to readers new to this subject. While the rest of the article should be very interesting also to experts on that field.
I highly recommend it to anyone who is interested in IPR and standardisation and/or its influence on FOSS.
P.S. An interesting fact is that according to a study from the EC, FOSS-related services could reach a 32% share of all IT services by 2010, and the FOSS-related share of the economy could reach 4% of European GDP by 2010.